KITCHEN GARDENING: EATING HEALTHY FROM YOUR OWN BACKYARD

Francis Karanja watering his kitchen garden.
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The glory of gardening: hands in the dirt, head in the sun, heart with nature. To nurture a garden is to feed not just the body, but the soul. –Alfred Austin

Most of our   modern and industrialized food chains give us very little control over where our food comes from and what goes into growing it. Having a kitchen garden is therefore   becoming very popular nowadays.  This is mainly   in the urban and semi-urban areas where land is scarce.  Kitchen gardens   have been proven to be one of the easiest and fastest ways through which households can ensure inexpensive, regular and handy supply of fresh vegetables, fruits, herbs and spices. In the same breath, evidence shows that most of the vegetables consumed by households (especially in Nairobi) are grown along polluted rivers and streams using wastewater.  The deadly water   contains heavy metals and other toxic chemicals thereby endangering lives and causing diseases.

Many individuals start a   kitchen garden with an aim   of growing fresh vegetables all year round. It is a more practical garden with a hedge or stone walls to contain it. Kitchen gardening is something all of us can do to make our cities greener.

Francis Karanja, a resident of Ruiru which is a semi-urban town in the outskirts of Nairobi city loves kitchen gardens.  He resides in an area that is fast developing and heavily populated which means that most people do not own huge chunks of land.  This   informed Karanja’s decision to start a kitchen garden last year. “Since you can never be sure of where the vegetables that you purchase from the market come from, I found it prudent to develop a kitchen garden,” he says.

Kales

 Benefits

A kitchen garden is   unique because it’s typically smaller, tended more often and designed to connect more aesthetically with the design and architecture of the home. Kitchen gardens are usually designed spaces, with symmetrical beds organized and planted in an aesthetically pleasing way.  They also support the call to support healthy eating in order to avoid the occurrence of life threatening diseases like cancer.

According to Karanja,  his  journey in this venture  has been  fulfilling  and  beneficial  since he has  cut down on expenses  that he previously incurred   while  purchasing   vegetables from the market. “For the last one year, I have really cut down on my kitchen budget   since I have planted a variety of vegetables in my kitchen garden,” he says. “My food is also healthy since I practice organic farming,” he adds.

His small but well-tended   kitchen garden supplies his family with   fresh fruits and vegetables with   high nutritional   value and free from toxic chemicals. Apart from vegetables, Karanja has also planted oranges in his kitchen garden.  Unfortunately according to him, oranges are sometimes infested by pests and diseases. To address that challenge, he sprays them with chemicals.  
In his one year journey of   kitchen gardening, he has not experienced many challenges.  He   attributes this to   the fact that he has been using organic manure as opposed to fertilizer.  Nevertheless, he has    to occasionally   keep birds away from destroying   his vegetables.

Peas

Tips

Karanja advises households that would wish to start kitchen gardening that they should begin by planting one to two vegetables and closely monitor their growth. “It is good to practise this type of farming   as you are sure where your vegetables are   coming   from. Always remember to use manure as opposed to fertilizer and within a matter of time, you shall start reaping the benefits,” he observes.

To maximize on space, Karanja advises farmers that they should consider growing dwarf vegetables whenever possible. “  For instance, Instead of growing a tomato that will grow six to eight feet tall, choose a vegetable that will not grow beyond two feet,” he says.  “There are dwarf and compact versions of nearly every vegetable you can grow. These selections have been bred to stay smaller, and as a result, they take up less room in the kitchen garden,” he adds.

Coriander

Since space for kitchen gardens  is usually limited , compact vegetable varieties are a smart idea, whenever possible. It is also advisable to plant new crops as soon as others are harvested. It’s a practice known as succession planting. Karanja’s long-term plan is to engage in commercial farming so that he can supply other households.  

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