By George Gichuki

Kenya   has  been   honoured to host the inaugural Africa Climate Summit this month.  The historic summit brings together heads of states and governments under the umbrella of the  African Union.  It will also be attended by more than ten thousand delegates from different parts of the world. Top of the summit’s agenda is coming up with solutions to the monumental challenge of climate change, especially the ones addressing Africa’s unique needs and challenges.

In 2015, the Paris Agreement seeking to limit global warming was signed.  Unfortunately, according to a report by Action Aid, giant banks from other parts of the world  have continued to fund projects that are  fuelling climate crisis in Africa.  These projects are in the fields of industrial agriculture and  expansion  of fossil fuels.  Industrial agriculture contribute significantly to the emission of greenhouse gases,  leading to global warming and climate change.  Burning of fossil  fuels  is also another  factor that contributes heavily   to climate change.

The adverse effects of  climate change include : intense and frequent droughts, heavy rainstorms, shifting seasons, erratic rainfall and onset of vector borne diseases.  These challenges can be  solved by reducing  fossil fuels, widespread electrification, improvement in energy efficiency and use of alternative fuels.

At the end of the summit, Africa is hoping  to take leadership in  ensuring that  the world will be more environmentally responsible in order to  mitigate the effects of   the     climate change nightmare.  Adequate, accessible and  affordable   financing    is needed as  the continent  fights to become climate resilient.  Hopefully, the summit  will also be able  to unlock opportunities towards that  end.



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