Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) fails to collect at least 528 billion of tax due every year equivalent to 6.6 percent of the country’s GDP estimated at Sh8 trillion.
The tax agency wants the Government to guarantee it an allocation of at least Sh103.69 billion to enable the taxman to grow incomes by 12 per cent over the next three years.
According to the taxman’s Seventh Corporate Plan for 2018-2021, at least 30 per cent of the taxes due in five main tax heads in Kenya is not collected every year.
The report showed KRA fails to collect at least 45 per cent of Value Added Tax and 17.6 per cent of Corporate Income tax. Estimated 34.3 per cent of personal income is not remitted, 35.6 per cent of Import Duty and 15.2 per cent of Excise Duty.
To reduce the tax gap and achieve revenue growth above the nominal GDP growth rate, KRA is planning to expand tax base that will see it raise the number of active taxpayers from 3.94 million to 7 million by 2021.
Early this month, the tax collector introduced Presumptive Tax of 15 per cent on business permits for small-scale traders whose turnover is less than Sh5 million.
The Institute of Public Finance chief executive James Muraguri told the media that by allowing county governments to charge and collect the presumptive tax, the taxman managed to net informal small businesses in counties into tax bracket.
It also plans to focus on data driven decision-making, robust intelligence adopt effective dispute resolution and strengthen debt and account management. Through the corporate strategy launched mid this week, the taxman is targeting to collect at least Sh6.1 trillion in next three years.
The tax agency missed its sixth corporate strategy revenue collection target by Sh184.8 billion. It managed only Sh4 trillion against a target of Sh4.185 trillion for the three years that ran from 2015 to 2018.
Speaking during the launch, Treasury CS Henry Rotich said the Corporate Plan focuses on the country’s development agenda as stated in the Kenya Vision 2030, the Third Medium Term Plan (MTP 2018-2022 ), the Budget Policy Statement 2018 and the Big Four agenda.
“We undertake to work with KRA and all stakeholders to continuously develop appropriate policies and review of the regulatory regimes to meet the needs of all Kenyans,” Rotich said.
On his part, commissioner general John Njiraini said the seventh Corporate Plan is designed to prioritise key national flagship drivers which project a transformed and a self-reliant nation in the years to come.
“Drivers include Vision 2030, Big Four Agenda, Third Medium Term Plan (MTP 2018-2022 ) and the 2018 Budget Policy Statement,” he said.
The World Bank in its 16th edition of Kenya Economic Update noted that even though more goods and services have been traded, very little of these economic activities have been taxed even with KRA enhancing compliance.“Although it (revenues) grew by 13.3 per cent in nominal terms in 16/17, tax revenues expanded by less than nominal GDP 14.9 per cent, hence the tax-to-GDP ratio fell to 16.9 per cent of GDP—its lowest level in a decade,” said the World Bank